County Emergency Plans

  1. CEMP
  2. Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP)

Welcome 

Yakima County is currently updating our Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP). The draft plan will be posted here for public review and comment from September 19 – October 5.

The HMP will help our communities to prevent significant property damage and loss of life in the event of a disaster. The HMP is required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) every five years for our community to be eligible for certain types of grant funding. You can visit this page for project updates and ways that community members can influence plan development. 

The goal of the project is to save lives, property, and natural resources by reducing the vulnerability of Yakima County to disaster events. During this planning project, local leaders and community members will identify risks, assess capabilities, and formulate a strategy to reduce our community’s disaster vulnerability. 

Public and stakeholder participation and feedback is a vital part of the hazard mitigation planning process. Please check back regularly for information on upcoming opportunities to engage in the planning process. If you would like to get in touch with the project team, please use the following contact information. 

Project Contact: 

Tony Miller, Director 

antone.miller@co.yakima.wa.us 

 

Public Meeting

Join the Planning Committee at our final public meeting on Wednesday, October 5 at 4:00pm to provide your feedback on the HMP.

To participate virtually, please register for the Microsoft Teams webinar here: https://bit.ly/3LuLYCP 

To review the current draft of the Yakima County Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan click here 

General Information 

Every year, natural hazards like wildfires, flooding, and drought cause property damage, loss of life, economic hardship, and other threats to our community’s public safety. In 2021 alone, there were 21 events across the United States that caused more than one billion dollars in damages. 

Our communities must address the response to these disasters – saving lives and property, and the recovery from disasters – repairing damages and making our community whole again. 

Before a disaster strikes, we can also work to mitigate potential damages and loss of life. This is the goal of the hazard mitigation plan. 

What is Hazard Mitigation? 

Hazard mitigation is any sustainable action to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to human life and property from hazards. Mitigation breaks the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. 

Hazard mitigation projects are the ways we can lessen the impact of future disasters on our community. They are the things we can do in the short-term to be more protected in the future. Mitigation is a cost-effective way to reduce the risk of loss and help make communities in Yakima County more resilient. FEMA estimates that for every dollar invested in mitigation, we save six dollars in future costs during response and recovery to a disaster. 

What is a Hazard Mitigation Plan? 

A hazard mitigation plan is developed BEFORE a disaster strikes. Hazard mitigation planning has a wide range of benefits for our community. A well-organized plan will help us to document the hazards we face, the likelihood they will occur, and our community’s vulnerability to the effects of the hazards. It also lays out clear, community-informed goals and actions required for minimizing future loss of life, injury, property damage, and economic disruption. 

The hazard mitigation plan will help to: 

  • Protect human life and prevent damage or loss of property. 
  • Ensure continuity of government services and local business. 
  • Promote inter-agency coordination and response. 
  • Increase public awareness and preparedness about hazards within the community. 
  • Develop more sustainable and disaster-resistant communities. 
  • Maintain compliance with Federal regulations and requirements for continued eligibility for mitigation grant funding. Plans must be updated and approved by FEMA every 5 years. 

Under the federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000), communities that do not have a FEMA approved hazard mitigation plan in place are no longer eligible for FEMA project grants under long standing programs such as the Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA), Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) and the Building Resilience Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC).

Planning Process 

The 2022 HMP update will be organized into three distinct project phases. 

Phase 1: Risk Analysis [April – June 2022]

In this phase, the planning team will engage residents, government officials, and subject matter experts to understand the unique assets in our community that should be protected, the hazards we face, and the risks posed to our community - the impacts on our most vulnerable assets and community members. 

Phase 2: Mitigation Strategy [June – September 2022] 

In this phase, the planning team will develop a strategy that advances our shared mitigation goals, identified through public involvement efforts. The strategy will keep in mind our community’s existing plans, policies, and programs, and address our top priority hazards and identified risks from Phase 1. This strategy will include a clear action plan that prioritizes the different projects, plans, and policies that can mitigate property damage and loss of life from a disaster. Each action will be evaluated based on cost benefit, time frame, existing partnerships, and more. 

Phase 3: Implementation & Monitoring [October 2022 through 2027] 

With an action plan in hand, the planning team will work to identify local, state, and federal programs that can help advance our priority actions. The plan will be submitted to FEMA for approval, and then adopted by the Yakima County Commissioners at the city councils for each participating municipality. Every year, the planning team will meet to monitor and report on progress on identified mitigation actions. In 2027, the plan will be completely reviewed and updated, continuing a five-year cycle. Continued implementation of mitigation actions will help us steadily reduce the risks posed by hazards to our community. 


In Washington State, emergency management offices have numerous emergency plans. Our two most overarching plans are the Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (CEMP) and the Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP).

Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (CEMP)

A comprehensive emergency management plan is a basic plan with elements which address all natural and man-made disasters to which a political subdivision is vulnerable. The comprehensive emergency management plan specifies the purpose, organization, core capabilities, and responsibilities of the various agencies involved in disaster response and recovery. These responsibilities are broken down into what is referred to as ESFs (Emergency Support Functions).

Emergency response and coordination is strongly dependent on a common understanding of roles and responsibilities, as well as pre-established relationships. The revision/update is an on-going process that provides an opportunity to engage with each other,

1) to gain a better understanding of what to expect from one another, and

2) to build improved working relationships with those who you may engage closely with during an incident.

Regardless of jurisdiction or organization, this process is a time to revisit expectations and legal responsibilities. If you are a city or town representative participating, this is a time to improve your understanding of how the county anticipates response to improve your own plans, as well as gain awareness of resource gaps needed to fill in your own jurisdiction.

The Washington State Military Department, Emergency Management Division (WEMD) Director Robert Ezelle congratulated Yakima County and Yakima Valley Emergency Management ’on this significant endeavor’ of the CEMP Revision in a letter dated September 18, 2019.

Executive Summary
Updated Oct 2019
County-Wide Basic Plan
Updated Mar 2020
CEMP & NIMS Resolution Adoptions
Updated Dec 2019
ESF Core Capabilities Responsibility Matrix 
Updated Oct 2019
Core Capabilities Development Sheets (FEMA) 
Updated Mar 2020
ESF #01 Transportation
Updated Oct 2019
ESF #02
Communications, Info Systems & Warnings

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #03
Public Works

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #04
Firefighting

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #05
Emergency Management

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #06
Mass Care

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #07
Logistics/Resources Support

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #08
Public Health & Medical Services

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #09
Search & Rescue

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #10
Oil & Hazardous Materials

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #11 Agriculture & Natural Resources
Updated Mar 2020
ESF #12
Energy/Utilities

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #13
Public Safety, Law Enforcement & Security

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #14
Long-Term Recovery

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #15
Public Affairs

Updated Oct 2019
ESF #20
Defense Support to Civil Authorities

Updated Oct 2019
ANNEX
City of Yakima CEMP
Basic Plan

Updated Oct 2019
WA Emergency Management Division (WEMD) Tiered CEMP Review Recommendations/Comments Dated Sep 2019
Yakima County Risk Assessment - 2014


We value your input.  If you require Assistance or would like to provide input as it relates to the County’s Emergency Plans and the Americans with Disabilities Act, please contact us. To enable us to respond in a manner most helpful to you, please indicate the nature of your accessibility problem or concern and your contact information. Users who need accessibility assistance can also contact us by phone through the Federal Information Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339 for TTY/Voice communication.